About Zambia

Zambia, in south-central Africa, is home to the Victoria Falls, one of the Seven Natural Wonders of the World. The Victoria Falls - also known locally as the ''Smoke that Thunders'' - are to be found along the Zambezi River and have UNESCO World Heritage status. There are many natural wonders and the beautiful tropical country which have been enticing a growing number of tourists, along with the wide variety of wildlife found in large game parks. The area was colonised in the 1800s and ruled by Britain as Northern Rhodesia until 1964, when it made a peaceful transition to independence.

Zambia has managed to avoid the war and upheaval that has marked much of Africa's post-colonial history, earning itself a reputation for political stability. The landlocked country has experienced rapid economic growth over the last decade as Africa's largest copper producer. Zambia also has one of the world's fastest growing populations with the UN projecting that its population of 13 million will triple its market value by 2050.

Other Facts

  • Full name: Republic of Zambia
  • Population: 13.8 million (UN, 2012)
  • Capital: Lusaka
  • Area: 752,614 sq km (290,586 sq miles)
  • Major language: English (official), Bemba, Lozi, Nyanja, Tonga, Lunda, Luvale, Kaonde.
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Hinduism, Islam
  • Monetary unit: 1 Kwacha = 100 ngwee
  • Main exports: Copper, minerals, tobacco, timber, precious minerals, agricultural products, etc
  • GNI per capita: US $1,160 (World Bank, 2011)
  • Internet domain: .zm
  • International dialling code: +260

National symbol(s): African Fish Eagle

National anthem: name: (Stand and Sing of Zambia, Proud and Free) adopted 1964; The lyrics/music: were composed by Enoch Mankayi SONTONGA. The melody, from the popular song "God Bless Africa," is the same as that of Tanzania but with different lyrics; the melody is also incorporated into South Africa's anthem.

 

国家概况
面积:752,000平方公里。
人口:1129万,大多属班图语系黑人。有73个民族,其中通加族约占全国人口的12%,奔巴族占8%,洛兹族占6%。
语言:官方语言为英语,另有31种民族语言。
宗教:30%的人信奉基督教和天主教,农村居民大多信奉原始宗教。
首都:卢萨卡(Lusaka),人口110多万。
货币:赞比亚克瓦查(Zambian Kwacha)KW,100赞比亚克瓦查约等于0.1935元人民币。
独立日:10月24日(1964年)
国庆日:10月24日(1964年)

自然地理
面积752614平方公里。位于非洲中南部的内陆国家。东北邻坦桑尼亚,东面和马拉维接壤,东南和莫桑比克相连,南接津巴布韦、博茨瓦纳和纳米比亚,西面是安哥拉,北靠刚果(金)、坦桑尼亚。境内大部分地区为海拔1060-1363米高原,地势大致从东北向西南倾斜。全境按地貌分为五个区:东北部东非大裂谷区,北部加丹加高原区,西南部卡拉哈里盆地区,东南部卢安瓜—马拉维高原区和中部卢安瓜河盆地区。东北边境的马芬加山海拔2164米,为全国最高点。赞比西河流经西部和南部,河上有著名的莫西奥图尼亚大瀑布(维多利亚大瀑布)。刚果河(扎伊尔河)上游卢阿普拉河发源于境内。

赞比亚境内河流众多,水网稠密,水力资源非常丰富,主要河流有赞比西河。这是非洲第四大河,长2660千米,流经西部和南部。著名的维多利亚大瀑布就位于这条河上,它也是世界七大自然奇观之一,是赞比亚的著名旅游胜地。刚果河是赞比西河的支流,发源于赞比西河的上游,是和民主刚果的分界河。另外,卢安瓜河发源于赞比亚东北部山区,由东北向西南部穿过东方省全境,在赞比亚、莫桑比克和津巴布韦三国交界的边陲小镇——卢安瓜与赞比西河汇合后流入莫桑比克的卡堡拉巴萨湖。

赞比亚属热带性气候,因位于海拔1000-1300米的台地,湿度低,比起其他热带非洲国家气温较为凉爽。当地有下列3个季节:干冷季:5-8月,15.6-26.7℃。干热季:9-11月,26.7-32.2℃。湿热季:12-4月,26.7-32.2℃,为雨季。全国年平均雨量为1270毫米,首都卢萨卡为760毫米左右。全年可穿着夏季服装渡过,但在干冷季时日夜温差大,须穿着毛衣。